KIDNEY - Unilateral hypoplasia

The right kidney is reduced to approximaely 1 cm in diameter; the ureter is of normal diameter and at its lower part is dilated to form a ureterocele some 2 cm in diameter; it appears to enter the bladder in the usual position. The left kidney is hyperplastic; it shows marked foetal lobulation; the ureter is normal and enters the bladder in the normal position.
This child was stillborn at 41 weeks; a breech presentation with precipitate labour and prolapse of the cord. Epithelial squames were found in the lung and there were petechiae on the surfaces of the heart and lungs indicative of intrapartum or intrauterine anoxia.